Reference Library: CO2 / pCO2

Ocean acidification decreases mussel byssal attachment strength and induces molecular byssal responses

  • Posted on: Wed, 02/22/2017 - 14:41
  • By: jackie

Mussels are an ecologically and economically important taxon that attach to solid surfaces via the byssus. To date, little is known about the effects of ocean acidification (OA) on mussel byssal attachment and the underlying molecular byssal responses. This study demonstrated that after 1 week of exposure to acidified seawater, ...

Water quality criteria for an acidifying ocean: Challenges and opportunities for improvement

  • Posted on: Tue, 11/01/2016 - 11:50
  • By: jackie

Acidification has sparked discussion about whether regulatory agencies should place coastal waters on the Clean Water Act 303(d) impaired water bodies list. Here we describe scientific challenges in assessing impairment with existing data, exploring use of both pH and biological criteria. Application of pH criteria is challenging because present coastal ...

Lessons from two high CO2 worlds – future oceans and intensive aquaculture

  • Posted on: Fri, 10/28/2016 - 13:40
  • By: jackie

Exponentially rising CO2 (currently ~400 µatm) is driving climate change and causing acidification of both marine and freshwater environments. CO2 directly affects acid–base and ion regulation, respiratory function and aerobic performance in aquatic animals. Elevated CO2 projected for end of this century (e.g. 800–1000 µatm) can also impact physiology, and have substantial ...

Linking Rising pCO2 and Temperature to the Larval Development and Physiology of the American Lobster (Homarus americanus)

  • Posted on: Fri, 10/07/2016 - 10:16
  • By: jackie

Few studies have evaluated the joint effects of elevated temperature and pCO2 on marine organisms. In this study we investigated the interactive effects of Intergovernmental Panel on Clinate Change predicted temperature and pCO2 for the end of the 21st century on key aspects of larval developm,ent of the American lobster, Homarus americanus, an otherwise well-studied, ...

Effects of ocean acidification, temperature and nutrient regimes on the appendicularian Oikopleura dioica: A mesocosm study

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Appendicularians are free-swimming tunicates that are common in most oceans, coastal waters, and estuaries. They build delicate, gelatinous houses that they use to filter food from the water. This study found that appendicularian abundance increased with ocean acidification, warmer temperatures, and higher nutrient levels. This suggests that appendicularians will play ...

Reviewing the impact of increased atmospheric CO2 on oceanic pH and the marine ecosystem.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The world’s oceans contain an enormous reservoir of carbon, greater than either the terrestrial or atmospheric systems. The fluxes between these reservoirs are relatively rapid such that the oceans have taken up around 50% of the total carbon dioxide (CO2) released to the atmosphere via fossil fuel emissions and other ...

Maternal effects may act as an adaptation mechanism for copepods facing pH and temperature changes

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Copepods produced more eggs in warmer temperatures, but the increase was smaller when copepods were simultaneously exposed to warmer temperature and ocean acidification conditions (lower pH). When pH changed between egg production and hatching, fewer eggs hatched. Warmer egg production temperature induced a positive maternal effect and increased the egg ...

Size-dependent pH effect on calcification in post-larval hard clam Mercenaria spp.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The shell calcification rates of small hard clams in five size classes (0.39, 0.56, 0.78, 0.98, and 2.90 mm shell height) decreased with increasingly severe ocean acidification conditions (pH 8.02, 7.64, and 7.41). Clams in the larger sizes were able to deposit new shell material even under corrosive conditions. However, ...

Impact of anthropogenic ocean acidification on thermal tolerance of the spider crab Hyas araneus

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Thermal sensitivity of spider crabs, as indicated by heart rate, rose under increasing levels of ocean acidification conditions. The results suggest a narrowing of the spider crab's thermal window under moderate increases in ocean acidification. (Laboratory study)

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