Reference Library: All References

The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The services of ecological systems and the natural capital stocks that produce them are critical to the functioning of the Earth's life-support system. They contribute to human welfare, both directly and indirectly, and therefore represent part of the total economic value of the planet. This study estimated the economic value ...

Description of the 2012 Oceanographic Conditions on the Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The entire Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf was warm in 2012 compared to the period of 1977-1987. Warm conditions penetrating to the ocean bottom over much of the region. Warming was greatest during the late winter in the southern Middle Atlantic Bight, peaking during summer elsewhere. Bottom waters in the Middle ...

The transport, transformation and dispersal of sediment by buoyant coastal flows

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Rivers are a dominant source of sediment entering the ocean. The sediment can be trapped in frontal zones and other oceanographic features, leading to high concentrations. Because of this and other processes, the transport of sediment in river-influenced environments often occurs near the seafloor, rather than the surface.

Inter-decadal variability in zooplankton and phytoplankton abundance on the Newfoundland and Scotian shelves

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This study analyzed changes in phytoplankton and zooplankton on the Newfoundland and Scotian shelves from 1962 to 2003 in relation to changes in oceanography. Three categories of phytoplankton (color, diatoms, dinoflagellates) increased in abundance in the 1990s, and these increases generally persisted into 2001–2003. This is believed to be a ...

Gulf of Maine intermediate waters

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This study analyzed thermohaline dynamics of the Gulf of Maine based on data published in 1968. It describes six water masses: Maine Surface Water, Maine Intermediate Water, and Maine Bottom Water as interior water masses; and Scotian Shelf Water, Slope Water, and Georges Bank Water as exterior water masses. ...

Chapter 16: Northeast. Pages 371–395 in Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment (J.M. Melillo, T.C. Richmond, and G.W. Yohe, Eds.)

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Heat waves, coastal flooding, and river flooding will pose a growing challenge to the region’s environmental, social, and economic systems. This will increase the vulnerability of the region’s residents, especially its most disadvantaged populations. Infrastructure will be increasingly compromised by climate-related hazards, including sea level rise, coastal flooding, and intense ...

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