Elevated CO2 levels affect the activity of nitrate reductase and carbonic anhydrase in the calcifying rhodophyte Corallina officinalis

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

A coralline alga took up and used carbon and nutrients differently when living under ocean acidification conditions for 12 weeks, and the changes affected its ability to compete with other macroalgae (seaweed). (Laboratory study)

Interactive effects of ocean acidification and warming on subtidal mussels and sea stars from Atlantic Canada

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Sea stars collected in Nova Scotia, Canada, grew more slowly under ocean acidification conditions, and their growth rate decreased further with a warmer temperature. In contrast, blue mussel grew more quickly with no response to temperature within the tested range. Predation of sea stars on mussels, measured as per-capita consumption ...

Sub-lethal effects of elevated concentration of CO2 on planktonic copepods and sea urchins

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Under extreme ocean acidification conditions (pH 6.8), the egg production rates of copepods decreased significantly. For two species of sea urchins, fertilization rate of eggs decreased with increasing ocean acidification conditions. Furthermore, the size of urchin larvae decreased and deformities increased. These effects on marine life could lead to changes ...

Acidification and warming affect both a calcifying predator and prey, but not their interaction

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Muscle length and claw strength of green crabs decreased after the crabs had been in ocean acidification conditions (pH 7.7) for 5 months. Periwinkles tended to have weaker shells in response to acidification. Predation by green crabs on periwinkles did not appear to change under ocean acidification conditions. (Laboratory study) ...

Ocean acidification disrupts induced defences in the intertidal gastropod Littorina littorea

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Normally, common periwinkles produce thicker shells in the presence of crab predators. This study found that they did not do so when living in acidified seawater for 15 days. The snails apparently compensated for their lack of defensive shell-building by moving more to avoid the crabs. In a ...

Evolutionary potential of marine phytoplankton under ocean acidification

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Marine phytoplankton have many characteristics, such as rapid cell division rates and large population sizes, that may enable them to adapt to ocean acidification and other types of global change. This paper reviews findings from previous studies to evaluate whether this adaptation is likely to occur, and it stresses the ...

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