Oyster shell dissolution rates in estuarine waters: Effects of pH and shell legacy

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The shells of eastern oysters from the Chesapeake Bay dissolved at faster rates when exposed to increasingly severe ocean acidification conditions. Oysters with fresh shells dissolved at the fastest rate, followed by oysters with weathered shells and those with dredged shells. (Laboratory study)

Some like it hot: Temperature and pH modulate larval development and settlement of the sea urchin Arbacia lixula

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Sea urchin larvae from the Mediterranean Sea survived at higher rates under ocean acidification conditions, but they grew smaller. Warmer temperatures increased survival and growth rates of the larvae. The results suggest that ocean acidification and warming could boost populations of the sea urchin, increasing its impact on shallow Mediterranean ...

Health and population-dependent effects of ocean acidification on the marine isopod Idotea balthica

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The immune responses of grazing isopods (Idotea balthica) in the Baltic Sea dropped by 60 to 80 percent after the isopods were placed in ocean acidification conditions for 20 days. In addition, isopods from a low salinity site, where their health was already compromised, suffered 100 percent mortality when placed ...

Ocean warming and acidification: Implications for the Arctic brittlestar Ophiocten sericeum

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Brittlestar arms regenerated faster in warmer water. However, they did not do so when the temperature increase was accompanied by ocean acidification conditions. This may have occurred because the brittlestars had to devote more of their energy to maintaining calcium carbonate body parts, as calcium carbonate became undersaturated when the ...

Acute toxicity of lowered pH to some oceanic zooplankton

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Ten species of zooplankton displayed a range of mortality rates when exposed to ocean acidification conditions. Differences in in swimming behavior, food habits, size, and presence of gills were not significantly related to sensitivity to lowered pH. The results suggest that marine zooplankton are more sensitive than freshwater zooplankton to ...

Photosynthetic responses to solar UV radiation of Gracilaria lemaneiformis cultured under different temperatures and CO2 concentrations.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The combined effect of ocean acidification and rising temperature enhanced the sensitivity of a red alga to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. This was reflected in an increased damage rate, decreased repair rate, and decreased ratio of repair to damage in thalli. The findings suggest that ocean acidification and warming will reduce ...

Effects of low pH and raised temperature on egg production, hatching and metabolic rates of a Mediterranean copepod species (Acartia clausi) under oligotrophic conditions.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The egg production rate, hatching success, and respiration of a Mediterranean copepod were not affected by ocean acidification conditions. Warming and food availability did have some effects. (Laboratory study)

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