Reference Library: Mollusks

Europe could suffer major shellfish production losses due to ocean acidification

  • Posted on: Tue, 02/14/2017 - 13:02
  • By: jackie

The European Commission released a Science for Environment Policy brief about the prospective decline of the European shellfish industry due to ocean acidification. An excerpt: "Ocean acidification threatens marine ecosystems worldwide, but economic assessments of its impact are lacking. A recent study has predicted the future cost of ocean acidification on mollusc ...

Assessing the effects of ocean acidification in the Northeast US using an end-to-end marine ecosystem model

  • Posted on: Wed, 02/01/2017 - 15:03
  • By: jackie

The effects of ocean acidification on living marine resources present serious challenges for managers of these resources. An understanding of the ecosystem consequences of ocean acidification is required to assess tradeoffs among ecosystem components (e.g. fishery yield, protected species conservation, sensitive habitat) and adaptations to this perturbation. We used a ...

Chemical and biological impacts of ocean acidification along the west coast of North America

  • Posted on: Fri, 12/16/2016 - 10:17
  • By: jackie

The continental shelf region off the west coast of North America is seasonally exposed to water with a low aragonite saturation state by coastal upwelling of CO2-rich waters. To date, the spatial and temporal distribution of anthropogenic CO2 (Canth) within the CO2-rich waters is largely unknown. Here we adapt the multiple ...

Water quality criteria for an acidifying ocean: Challenges and opportunities for improvement

  • Posted on: Tue, 11/01/2016 - 11:50
  • By: jackie

Acidification has sparked discussion about whether regulatory agencies should place coastal waters on the Clean Water Act 303(d) impaired water bodies list. Here we describe scientific challenges in assessing impairment with existing data, exploring use of both pH and biological criteria. Application of pH criteria is challenging because present coastal ...

Overview of Coastal Acidification in the Northeast Region

  • Posted on: Tue, 10/25/2016 - 14:42
  • By: petert

This four-page brochure provides an introduction to ocean and coastal acidification, its effects on marine life, why the Northeast is especially vulnerable, research priorities for the region, and what people can do to fight coastal acidification. The information in the brochure is adapted from NECAN's 2015 Oceanography article. 

The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, shows negative correlation to naturally elevated carbon dioxide levels: Implications for near-term ocean acidification effects

  • Posted on: Wed, 06/15/2016 - 21:10
  • By: petert

At an oyster hatchery on the Oregon coast, researchers found that production of oyster larvae and growth of young oysters dropped when the aragonite saturation state decreased in seawater. (Laboratory study)

Biocalcification in the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) in relation to long-term trends in Chesapeake Bay pH

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Estuarine waters are more susceptible to acidification because they are subject to multiple acid sources and are less buffered than marine waters. Consequently, estuarine shell-forming species may experience acidification sooner than marine species although, the tolerance of estuarine calcifiers to pH changes is poorly understood. This study analyzed 23 years ...

Size-dependent pH effect on calcification in post-larval hard clam Mercenaria spp.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The shell calcification rates of small hard clams in five size classes (0.39, 0.56, 0.78, 0.98, and 2.90 mm shell height) decreased with increasingly severe ocean acidification conditions (pH 8.02, 7.64, and 7.41). Clams in the larger sizes were able to deposit new shell material even under corrosive conditions. However, ...

Oyster shell dissolution rates in estuarine waters: Effects of pH and shell legacy

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The shells of eastern oysters from the Chesapeake Bay dissolved at faster rates when exposed to increasingly severe ocean acidification conditions. Oysters with fresh shells dissolved at the fastest rate, followed by oysters with weathered shells and those with dredged shells. (Laboratory study)

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