Body fluids of the northern sea urchin became acidified when the urchins lived in ocean acidification conditions for 5 weeks. (Laboratory study)
Sea urchins living in ocean acidification conditions for 45 days grew less. They were able to actively maintain the pH outside the cells in their bodies. (Laboratory study)
Blue mussels from the Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea), where seawater pH tends to be low, were able to maintain growth rates when exposed to ocean acidification conditions (pH 7.7). in addition, juvenile mussels in the fjord settle mostly in summer when pH is lowest. The findings suggest that mussels may ...
Blue mussels grew and calcified 7 times faster in the Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea), where low pH (ocean acidification) conditions prevailed, than at an outer fjord site where pH levels were higher In addition, the mussels were able to outcompete barnacles at the inner fjord, low pH site. Thus, blue ...
Shell growth of blue mussels from the Baltic Sea decreased under ocean acidification conditions. Data suggest that the reduced shell growth under severe acidification did not result from metabolic depression but from increased cellular energy demand and nitrogen loss. (Laboratory study)
Deep-water prawns (Pandalus borealis) exposed to severely acidified seawater (pH 6.86) for 16 days were able to compensate by accumulate buffering bicarbonate ions at levels comparable to those reported for shallow-living decapod crustaceans. (Laboratory study)
The Arctic spider crab (Hyas araneus) appears to have a threshold of ocean acidification beyond which it fails to acclimate. In a 10-week experiment, it had a limited ability to adjust to effects of ocean acidification with and without also experiencing a warmer temperature. (Laboratory study)
When the Gulf toadfish was exposed to levels of ocean acidification that are projected to occur by 2300, it lost greater amounts of bicarbonate ions through its intestine. (Laboratory study)
When quahogs and eastern oysters were exposed to a combination of warmer temperatures and ocean acidification for 15 weeks, shell hardness decreased in both species. By itself, ocean acidification had a small effect on the physiology and metabolism of both species, but it improved survival in oysters. (Laboratory study)
Experiments with quahogs exposed to trace metal pollutants under ocean acidification conditions revealed complex interactions and indicated that variations in environmental CO2 may modulate the biological effects of trace metals. (Laboratory study)