Reference Library: All References

Oyster shell dissolution rates in estuarine waters: Effects of pH and shell legacy

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The shells of eastern oysters from the Chesapeake Bay dissolved at faster rates when exposed to increasingly severe ocean acidification conditions. Oysters with fresh shells dissolved at the fastest rate, followed by oysters with weathered shells and those with dredged shells. (Laboratory study)

Impact of anthropogenic ocean acidification on thermal tolerance of the spider crab Hyas araneus

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Thermal sensitivity of spider crabs, as indicated by heart rate, rose under increasing levels of ocean acidification conditions. The results suggest a narrowing of the spider crab's thermal window under moderate increases in ocean acidification. (Laboratory study)

Effects of ocean acidification and warming on the larval development of the spider crab Hyas araneus from different latitudes (54° vs. 79° N)

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Spider crab larvae developed more slowly, grew less, and lower physiological fitness under increasing levels of ocean acidification conditions. (Laboratory study)

Some like it hot: Temperature and pH modulate larval development and settlement of the sea urchin Arbacia lixula

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Sea urchin larvae from the Mediterranean Sea survived at higher rates under ocean acidification conditions, but they grew smaller. Warmer temperatures increased survival and growth rates of the larvae. The results suggest that ocean acidification and warming could boost populations of the sea urchin, increasing its impact on shallow Mediterranean ...

Understanding ocean acidification impacts on organismal to ecological scales

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Ocean acidification (OA) research seeks to understand how marine ecosystems and global elemental cycles will respond to changes in seawater carbonate chemistry in combination with other environmental perturbations such as warming, eutrophication, and deoxygenation. This paper discusses the effectiveness and limitations of current research approaches used to address this goal. ...

Marine calcifiers exhibit mixed responses to CO2-induced ocean acidification

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Eighteen marine species exposed to ocean acidification conditions for 60 days exhibited a wide range of responses. Ten of the 18 species were affected negatively with lower rates of net calcification and, in some cases, net loss of shell. Those species included temperate corals, pencil urchins, hard clams, conchs, serpulid ...

Estuaries of the northeastern United States: Habitat and land use signatures

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Geographic signatures are physical, chemical, biotic, and human-induced characteristics or processes that help define similar or unique features of estuaries along latitudinal or geographic gradients. Geomorphologically, estuaries of the northeastern U.S., from the Hudson River estuary and northward along the Gulf of Maine shoreline, are highly diverse because of a ...

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