Reference Library: Ecosystem services

The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The services of ecological systems and the natural capital stocks that produce them are critical to the functioning of the Earth's life-support system. They contribute to human welfare, both directly and indirectly, and therefore represent part of the total economic value of the planet. This study estimated the economic value ...

Chapter 16: Northeast. Pages 371–395 in Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment (J.M. Melillo, T.C. Richmond, and G.W. Yohe, Eds.)

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Heat waves, coastal flooding, and river flooding will pose a growing challenge to the region’s environmental, social, and economic systems. This will increase the vulnerability of the region’s residents, especially its most disadvantaged populations. Infrastructure will be increasingly compromised by climate-related hazards, including sea level rise, coastal flooding, and intense ...

Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Under conditions expected in the 21st century, global warming and ocean acidification will cause corals to become increasingly rare on reef systems. This review presents future scenarios for coral reefs that predict increasingly serious consequences for reef-associated fisheries, tourism, coastal protection, and people.

Interactive effects of ocean acidification and warming on subtidal mussels and sea stars from Atlantic Canada

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Sea stars collected in Nova Scotia, Canada, grew more slowly under ocean acidification conditions, and their growth rate decreased further with a warmer temperature. In contrast, blue mussel grew more quickly with no response to temperature within the tested range. Predation of sea stars on mussels, measured as per-capita consumption ...

Ocean acidification induces multi-generational decline in copepod naupliar production with possible conflict for reproductive resource allocation.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

A species of copepod (Tisbe battagliai) had decreased reproduction and growth when exposed to ocean acidification conditions. Over time, these changes could result in smaller brood sizes, smaller females, and perhaps later maturing females, which could destabilize the food web. (Laboratory study)