Reference Library: All References

Climatological Distributions of pH, pCO2, Total CO2, Alkalinity, and CaCO3 Saturation in the Global Surface Ocean

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This report describes climatological mean monthly distributions of pH, total carbon dioxide concentration, and the degree of CaCO3 saturation for the global surface ocean waters (excluding coastal areas) to depths of approximately 160 feet (50 meters).

Influences of oceanographic processes on the biological productivity of the Gulf of Maine

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The Gulf of Maine's unusual geography and oceanography make it distinct from other continental shelf ecosystems. It has deep basins, shallow offshore banks that limit water flow between the Gulf and the open Atlantic Ocean, strong tidal mixing of it shallower waters, and a seasonal cycle of intense winter cooling, ...

Maternal effects may act as an adaptation mechanism for copepods facing pH and temperature changes

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Copepods produced more eggs in warmer temperatures, but the increase was smaller when copepods were simultaneously exposed to warmer temperature and ocean acidification conditions (lower pH). When pH changed between egg production and hatching, fewer eggs hatched. Warmer egg production temperature induced a positive maternal effect and increased the egg ...

Marine biodiversification in response to evolving phytoplankton stoichiometry

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Diversification of the marine biosphere is intimately linked to the evolution of the biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nutrients, and primary productivity. Analysis of the ratio of carbon-to-phosphorus buried in sedimentary rocks during the past 3 billion years indicates that both food quantity and, critically, food quality increased through time as ...

Offspring size affects the post-metamorphic performance of a colonial marine invertebrate

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Bryozoan colonies that came from larger larvae survived better, grew faster, and reproduced sooner or produced more embryos than colonies that came from smaller larvae. These effects crossed generations, with colonies from larger larvae themselves producing larger larvae.

Short-lived radium isotopes on the Scotian Shelf: Unique distribution and tracers of cross-shelf CO2 and nutrient transport

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This study estimated vertical and lateral diffusion coefficients for the Scotian Shelf region using a numerical 2-D approach. It also estimates cross-shelf transport of carbon and nutrients and provides a potential mechanism for CO2 outgassing on the shelf.

The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The services of ecological systems and the natural capital stocks that produce them are critical to the functioning of the Earth's life-support system. They contribute to human welfare, both directly and indirectly, and therefore represent part of the total economic value of the planet. This study estimated the economic value ...

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