Differential Responses of Calcifying and Non-Calcifying Epibionts of a Brown Macroalga to Present-Day and Future Upwelling pCO2

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 13:41
  • By: petert

Seaweeds are key species of the Baltic Sea benthic ecosystems. They are the substratum of numerous fouling epibionts like bryozoans and tubeworms. Several of these epibionts bear calcified structures and could be impacted by the high pCO2 events of the late summer upwellings in the Baltic nearshores. Those events are expected ...

Habitat traits and food availability determine the reponse of marine invertebrates to ocean acidification

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 13:01
  • By: petert

Energy availability and local adaptation are major components in mediating the effects of ocean acidification (OA) on marine species. In a long-term study, we investigated the effects of food availability and elevated pCO2 (ca. 400, 1000 and 3000 μatm) on growth of newly settled Amphibalanus (Balanus) improvisus to reproduction, and on their offspring. We also ...

Effects of ocean acidification over the life history of the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 12:38
  • By: petert

Increased levels of atmospheric CO2 are anticipated to cause decreased seawater pH. Despite the fact that calcified marine invertebrates are particularly susceptible to acidification, barnacles have received little attention. We examined larval condition, cyprid size, cyprid attachment and metamorphosis, juvenile to adult growth, shell calcium carbonate content, and shell resistance to ...

Effects of ocean acidification on the calcification of otoliths of larval Atlantic cod Gadus morhua

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 12:12
  • By: petert

The growth and development of the aragonitic CaCO3 otoliths of teleost fish could be vulnerable to processes resulting from ocean acidification. The potential effects of an increase in atmospheric CO2 on the calcification of the otoliths were investigated by rearing Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L. larvae in 3 pCO2 concentrations—control (370 µatm), medium (1800 µatm) ...

Decreased pH does not alter metamorphosis but compromises juvenile calcification of the tube worm Hydroides elegans

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 12:06
  • By: petert

Using CO2 perturbation experiments, we examined the pre- and post-settlement growth responses of a dominant biofouling tubeworm (Hydroides elegans) to a range of pH. In three different experiments, embryos were reared to, or past, metamorphosis in seawater equilibrated to CO2 values of about 480 (control), 980, 1,480, and 2,300 latm ...

Meta-analysis reveals negative yet variable effects of ocean acidification on marine organisms

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 12:01
  • By: petert

Ocean acidification is a pervasive stressor that could affect many marine organisms and cause profound ecological shifts. A variety of biological responses to ocean acidification have been measured across a range of taxa, but this information exists as case studies and has not been synthesized into meaningful comparisons amongst response ...

Impacts of ocean acidification on marine organisms: quantifying sensitivities and interaction with warming

  • Posted on: Tue, 03/29/2016 - 18:06
  • By: petert

Ocean acidification represents a threat to marine species worldwide, and forecasting the ecological impacts of acidification is a high priority for science, management, and policy. As research on the topic expands at an exponential rate, a comprehensive understanding of the variability in organisms' responses and corresponding levels of certainty is ...

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