Multigenerational exposure to ocean acidification during food limitation reveals consequences for copepod scope for growth and vital rates

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The copepod Calanus finmarchicus had reduced growth, development, and fecundity when exposed to ocean acidification conditions. However, offspring in the next generation did not have delayed development, suggesting that the species may have an ability to adapt to ocean acidification. The results also suggest that in a more acidified ocean ...

Ocean acidification and rising temperatures may increase biofilm primary productivity but decrease grazer consumption.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Common periwinkles consumed less food when living under ocean acidification conditions for five weeks, after having been exposed to those conditions for two weeks prior to the experiment. Their food—a biofilm of diatoms, cyanobacteria, and various microbes—increased during that period. However, another group of periwinkles consumed more food than the ...

Energetic plasticity underlies a variable response to ocean acidification in the pteropod, Limacina helicina antarctica

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Ocean acidification conditions suppressed the metabolism of an Antarctic pteropod by approximately 20 percent in some instances. However, the effect on metabolism depended on abundance of phytoplankton in the region and the pteropods' baseline level of metabolism. Pteropod populations may be compromised by climate change, both directly by acidification-related suppression ...

Food availability outweighs ocean acidification effects in juvenile Mytilus edulis: Laboratory and field experiments

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Blue mussels grew and calcified 7 times faster in the Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea), where low pH (ocean acidification) conditions prevailed, than at an outer fjord site where pH levels were higher In addition, the mussels were able to outcompete barnacles at the inner fjord, low pH site. Thus, blue ...

Volcanic carbon dioxide vents show ecosystem effects of ocean acidification

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This study showed the effects of ocean acidification on ecosystems at coastal sites where volcanic CO2 vents lower the pH of the water. Along gradients of normal pH (8.1–8.2) to lowered pH (mean 7.8–7.9, minimum 7.4–7.5), typical rocky shore communities with abundant calcareous organisms shifted to communities lacking scleractinian corals ...

Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Under conditions expected in the 21st century, global warming and ocean acidification will cause corals to become increasingly rare on reef systems. This review presents future scenarios for coral reefs that predict increasingly serious consequences for reef-associated fisheries, tourism, coastal protection, and people.

Pages