Reference Library: All References

Europe could suffer major shellfish production losses due to ocean acidification

  • Posted on: Tue, 02/14/2017 - 13:02
  • By: jackie

The European Commission released a Science for Environment Policy brief about the prospective decline of the European shellfish industry due to ocean acidification. An excerpt: "Ocean acidification threatens marine ecosystems worldwide, but economic assessments of its impact are lacking. A recent study has predicted the future cost of ocean acidification on mollusc ...

Assessing the effects of ocean acidification in the Northeast US using an end-to-end marine ecosystem model

  • Posted on: Wed, 02/01/2017 - 15:03
  • By: jackie

The effects of ocean acidification on living marine resources present serious challenges for managers of these resources. An understanding of the ecosystem consequences of ocean acidification is required to assess tradeoffs among ecosystem components (e.g. fishery yield, protected species conservation, sensitive habitat) and adaptations to this perturbation. We used a ...

Chemical and biological impacts of ocean acidification along the west coast of North America

  • Posted on: Fri, 12/16/2016 - 10:17
  • By: jackie

The continental shelf region off the west coast of North America is seasonally exposed to water with a low aragonite saturation state by coastal upwelling of CO2-rich waters. To date, the spatial and temporal distribution of anthropogenic CO2 (Canth) within the CO2-rich waters is largely unknown. Here we adapt the multiple ...

Water quality criteria for an acidifying ocean: Challenges and opportunities for improvement

  • Posted on: Tue, 11/01/2016 - 11:50
  • By: jackie

Acidification has sparked discussion about whether regulatory agencies should place coastal waters on the Clean Water Act 303(d) impaired water bodies list. Here we describe scientific challenges in assessing impairment with existing data, exploring use of both pH and biological criteria. Application of pH criteria is challenging because present coastal ...

Lessons from two high CO2 worlds – future oceans and intensive aquaculture

  • Posted on: Fri, 10/28/2016 - 13:40
  • By: jackie

Exponentially rising CO2 (currently ~400 µatm) is driving climate change and causing acidification of both marine and freshwater environments. CO2 directly affects acid–base and ion regulation, respiratory function and aerobic performance in aquatic animals. Elevated CO2 projected for end of this century (e.g. 800–1000 µatm) can also impact physiology, and have substantial ...

Overview of Coastal Acidification in the Northeast Region

  • Posted on: Tue, 10/25/2016 - 14:42
  • By: petert

This four-page brochure provides an introduction to ocean and coastal acidification, its effects on marine life, why the Northeast is especially vulnerable, research priorities for the region, and what people can do to fight coastal acidification. The information in the brochure is adapted from NECAN's 2015 Oceanography article. 

Spectrophotometric measurement of freshwater pH with purified meta-cresol purple and phenol red

  • Posted on: Fri, 10/07/2016 - 15:52
  • By: jackie

Impurities in indicator salts can significantly bias spectrophotometric pH determinations. In this work, two purified sulfonephthalein indicators, meta-cresol purple (mCP) and phenol red (PR), were tested for analysis of freshwater pH on the free hydrogen ion concentration scale. The work presented here is the first parallel comparison with two purified indicators used to ...

Linking Rising pCO2 and Temperature to the Larval Development and Physiology of the American Lobster (Homarus americanus)

  • Posted on: Fri, 10/07/2016 - 10:16
  • By: jackie

Few studies have evaluated the joint effects of elevated temperature and pCO2 on marine organisms. In this study we investigated the interactive effects of Intergovernmental Panel on Clinate Change predicted temperature and pCO2 for the end of the 21st century on key aspects of larval developm,ent of the American lobster, Homarus americanus, an otherwise well-studied, ...

Pages