Effects of ocean acidification and elevated temperature on shell plasticity and its energetic basis in an intertidal gastropod.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Common periwinkles had lower shell growth rates and less increase in shell thickness when grown in ocean acidification conditions, warmer temperatures, or both. Shells were also less pointed and more rounded. Those changes in shell growth appeared to result from disruption of the periwinkle's metabolism. (Laboratory studied)

Food supply and seawater pCO2 impact calcification and internal shell dissolution in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Blue mussels from the Baltic Sea grew less when raised for seven weeks under ocean acidification conditions and with limited food algae. Corrosion of the internal shell surface occurred at a range of ocean acidification levels when food supply was low. When food supply was high, corrosion occurred only in ...

Tolerance of juvenile barnacles (Amphibalanus improvisus) to warming and elevated pCO2

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea) has large natural variations in carbon dioxide levels. When barnacles from the fjord were raised for 8-12 weeks in warmer seawater under ocean acidification conditions, their growth and condition did not change significantly. Warming increased the shell strength, but ocean acidification conditions had only weak ...

Reduced calcification of marine plankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Two dominant marine calcifying phytoplankton species, the coccolithophorids Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica, produced less calcite under ocean acidification conditions. They also had more deformities and higher rates of incomplete development. The findings suggest that ocean acidification could slow down the production of calcium carbonate in the ocean. (Laboratory study) ...

Skeletal mineralogy in a high-CO2 world

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This study investigated changes in mineralization in 18 species of marine calcifiers, which were reared for 60 days in different levels of ocean acidification conditions. The results suggest that shell/skeletal mineralogy within some—but not all—marine calcifiers will change as carbon dioxide levels continue rising as a result of fossil fuel ...

Calcifying invertebrates succeed in a naturally CO2-rich coastal habitat but are threatened by high levels of future acidification

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Blue mussels from the Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea), where seawater pH tends to be low, were able to maintain growth rates when exposed to ocean acidification conditions (pH 7.7). in addition, juvenile mussels in the fjord settle mostly in summer when pH is lowest. The findings suggest that mussels may ...

Food availability outweighs ocean acidification effects in juvenile Mytilus edulis: Laboratory and field experiments

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Blue mussels grew and calcified 7 times faster in the Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea), where low pH (ocean acidification) conditions prevailed, than at an outer fjord site where pH levels were higher In addition, the mussels were able to outcompete barnacles at the inner fjord, low pH site. Thus, blue ...

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