Sensitivity to ocean acidification parallels natural pCO2 gradients experienced by Arctic copepods under winter sea ice

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Some copepods (Calanus species) in the Arctic routinely encounter a range of seawater pH levels each day as they migrate vertically in the ocean; they were not severely affected when exposed to ocean acidification conditions in the laboratory. In contrast, a copepod species (Oithona similis) that does not vertically migrate, ...

Skeletal alterations and polymorphism in a Mediterranean bryozan at natural CO2 vents.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Bryozoan colonies were grown at a site in the Tyrrhenian Sea (Italy) where natural emissions of carbon dioxide associated with volcanic activity lower seawater pH to 7.76, simulating levels of ocean acidification predicted for the end of the 21st century. The colonies showed impaired growth and had fewer defensive polymorphs. ...

Structural and geochemical alterations in the Mg calcite bryozoan Myriapora truncata under elevated seawater pCO2 simulating ocean acidification.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This study investigated the possible effects of ocean acidification on the calcareous skeleton of a Mediterranena bryozoan by transplanting live and dead colonies into an area of natural volcanic carbon dioxide vents in the Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy. Colonies remained alive at the below-normal and acidic pH sites during the 45-day ...

Early reproductive stages in the crustose coralline alga Phymatolithon lenormandii are strongly affected by mild acidification

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

In the early life stages of a coralline alga, mortality and growth abnormalities increased with small changes in pH. However, rate of growth remained similar, potentially by re-directing energy from other life processes. (Laboratory study)

Effects of ocean acidification on early life stages of shrimp (Pandalus borealis) and mussel (Mytilus edulis)

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

When larvae of blue mussels were kept in ocean acidification conditions predicted for 2100 (pH 7.6) there was no marked effect on fertilization, development, abnormalities, or feeding. However, although the mussel larvae were able to form shells, after two months of exposure they were 28 percent smaller than larvae raised ...

Elevated level of carbon dioxide affects metabolism and shell formation in oysters Crassostrea virginica

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Juvenile oysters living in acidified seawater had higher mortality rates and less growth of shell and soft-body tissues. They also had higher metabolic rates, likely because of the higher energy cost of maintaining their body chemistry. The high-CO2 conditions also reduced the hardness and fracture toughness of the shells. (Laboratory ...

Ocean acidification disrupts induced defences in the intertidal gastropod Littorina littorea

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Normally, common periwinkles produce thicker shells in the presence of crab predators. This study found that they did not do so when living in acidified seawater for 15 days. The snails apparently compensated for their lack of defensive shell-building by moving more to avoid the crabs. In a ...

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