Near future ocean acidification increases growth rate of the lecithotrophic larvae and juveniles of the sea star Crossaster papposus

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Common sunstar larvae and juveniles in ocean acidification conditions grew faster without apparent effects on survival or body structure. Unlike the larvae of some other sea star species that feed on plankton, larval common sunstars rely on nutrition provided in their egg. This difference in life history may enable some ...

Near-future level of CO2-driven ocean acidification radically affects larval survival and development in the brittlestar Ophiothrix fragilis

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Brittlestar larvae died within 8 days after being transferred into acidified seawater (pH 7.9). The larvae had reduced growth and abnormal development and body structure. The brittlestar used in this study, Ophiothrix fragilis, dominates the seabed ecosystem off northwestern Europe, and the findings suggest that ocean acidification could lead to ...

Relationship between CO2-driven changes in extracellular acid-base balance and cellular immune response in two polar echinoderm species

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Green sea urchins were able to adjust their internal pH level within 5 days after being placed in ocean acidification conditions, but sea stars (Leptasterias polaris) were not. Internal pH did not appear to be related to immune response. (Laboratory study)

Impacts of ocean acidification on respiratory gas exchange and acid–base balance in a marine teleost, Opsanus beta.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

In the gulf toadfish, respiratory gas transport and acid–base balance are affected by ocean acidification. While the full physiological impacts are not known, the changes could compromise several physiological systems. (Laboratory study)

Losers and winners in coral reefs acclimatized to elevated carbon dioxide concentrations

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This field study in Papua New Guinea examined the effects of natural carbon dioxide seeps on coral reef ecosystems. At reduced pH, coral diversity was lower, population replenishment and abundance of some corals decreased, and interactions among species changed. Reef development ceased below pH 7.7. Ocean acidification, together with warmer ...

Future high CO2 in the intertidal may compromise adult barnacle Semibalanus balanoides survival and embryonic development rate.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

In ocean acidification conditions (pH 7.7) embryos of an intertidal barnacle developed more slowly. Survival of adult barnacles dropped by 22 percent, and the mineral structure of adult shells changed. (Laboratory study)

Post-larval development of two intertidal barnacles at elevated CO2 and temperature

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Post-larvae of an intertidal barnacle (Elminius modestus) grew more slowly under ocean acidification conditions, but there were no impacts on its shell calcium content and survival by either ocean acidification or warmer temperature. were observed in high CO2 but there were no impacts on shell calcium content and survival by ...

Relative influences of ocean acidification and temperature on intertidal barnacle post-larvae at the northern edge of their geographic distribution

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Ocean acidification (pH 7.7) impaired growth and development of an intertidal barnacle (Semibalanus balanoides), but warmer temperature (+4 °C) did not. The mineral composition of the shells did not change with either ocean acidification or warmer temperature. The combination of reduced growth and maintained mineral content suggests that the barnacles ...

Deformities in larvae and juvenile European lobster (Homarus gammarus) exposed to lower pH at two different temperatures

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 16:03
  • By: petert

The ongoing warming and acidification of the world's oceans are expected to influence the marine ecosystems, including benthic marine resources. Ocean acidification may especially have an impact on calcifying organisms, and the European lobster (Homarus gammarus) is among those species at risk. A project was initiated in 2011 aiming to ...

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