Relationship between CO2-driven changes in extracellular acid-base balance and cellular immune response in two polar echinoderm species

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Green sea urchins were able to adjust their internal pH level within 5 days after being placed in ocean acidification conditions, but sea stars (Leptasterias polaris) were not. Internal pH did not appear to be related to immune response. (Laboratory study)

Impacts of ocean acidification on respiratory gas exchange and acid–base balance in a marine teleost, Opsanus beta.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

In the gulf toadfish, respiratory gas transport and acid–base balance are affected by ocean acidification. While the full physiological impacts are not known, the changes could compromise several physiological systems. (Laboratory study)

Losers and winners in coral reefs acclimatized to elevated carbon dioxide concentrations

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This field study in Papua New Guinea examined the effects of natural carbon dioxide seeps on coral reef ecosystems. At reduced pH, coral diversity was lower, population replenishment and abundance of some corals decreased, and interactions among species changed. Reef development ceased below pH 7.7. Ocean acidification, together with warmer ...

Future high CO2 in the intertidal may compromise adult barnacle Semibalanus balanoides survival and embryonic development rate.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

In ocean acidification conditions (pH 7.7) embryos of an intertidal barnacle developed more slowly. Survival of adult barnacles dropped by 22 percent, and the mineral structure of adult shells changed. (Laboratory study)

Post-larval development of two intertidal barnacles at elevated CO2 and temperature

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Post-larvae of an intertidal barnacle (Elminius modestus) grew more slowly under ocean acidification conditions, but there were no impacts on its shell calcium content and survival by either ocean acidification or warmer temperature. were observed in high CO2 but there were no impacts on shell calcium content and survival by ...

Relative influences of ocean acidification and temperature on intertidal barnacle post-larvae at the northern edge of their geographic distribution

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Ocean acidification (pH 7.7) impaired growth and development of an intertidal barnacle (Semibalanus balanoides), but warmer temperature (+4 °C) did not. The mineral composition of the shells did not change with either ocean acidification or warmer temperature. The combination of reduced growth and maintained mineral content suggests that the barnacles ...

Deformities in larvae and juvenile European lobster (Homarus gammarus) exposed to lower pH at two different temperatures

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 16:03
  • By: petert

The ongoing warming and acidification of the world's oceans are expected to influence the marine ecosystems, including benthic marine resources. Ocean acidification may especially have an impact on calcifying organisms, and the European lobster (Homarus gammarus) is among those species at risk. A project was initiated in 2011 aiming to ...

Ultraviolet radiation modulates the physiological responses of the calcified rhodophyte Corallina officinalis to elevated CO2

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 15:58
  • By: petert

Ocean acidification reduces the concentration of carbonate ions and increases those of bicarbonate ions in seawater compared with the present oceanic conditions. This altered composition of inorganic carbon species may, by interacting with ultraviolet radiation (UVR), affect the physiology of macroalgal species. However, very little is known about how calcareous ...

Coastal ocean acidification: The other eutrophication problem

  • Posted on: Wed, 03/30/2016 - 15:56
  • By: petert

Increased nutrient loading into estuaries causes the accumulation of algal biomass, and microbial degradation of this organic matter decreases oxygen levels and contributes towards hypoxia. A second, often overlooked consequence of microbial degradation of organic matter is the production of carbon dioxide (CO2) and a lowering of seawater pH. To ...

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